What is an ABLE account?

Back to top
ABLE accounts let people who have disabilities that began before they turned 26 keep money in a special tax-advantaged account. The first $100,000 in an ABLE account does not count against the $2,000 Supplemental Security Income (SSI) resource limit, and none of the money in an ABLE account counts for Nutrition Assistance (formerly Food Stamps).

However, ABLE accounts have restrictions:

  • They can only be opened through specific programs or institutions.
  • You can only open one ABLE account.
  • You and the other people making contributions on your behalf have a limit on how much you can deposit each year. Combined, you cannot deposit more than $15,000 in 2019.
  • You can only use money in an ABLE account for specific things, such as:
    • Education
    • Housing
    • Transportation
    • Help getting and keeping work
    • Health care
    • Assistive technology, and
    • Other approved expenses.

Learn more about ABLE accounts.

What is an Individual Development Account (IDA)?

Back to top
An Individual Development Account, also known as an “IDA," is a savings account for low-income workers that can be used for small-business development, higher education, or the purchase of a first home (within a 3-year period).

The IDA program will keep track of the amount you deposit and contribute an additional deposit called a match. Most IDA programs have a match of one to four times the size of the deposit you make. So for an IDA with a 2:1 match, each time you deposit $25, you get an additional $50 toward your savings goal. IDA’s require monthly savings deposits for at least 6 months before the money can be withdrawn for the intended goal.

Are there any medical eligibility requirements to enroll in an Individual Development Account (IDA)?

Back to top
No. Disability status is not required to participate in an IDA program. IDAs are offered to anyone who can meet the eligibility requirements.

How do I find an Individual Development Account (IDA) program?

Back to top
For Arizona residents, the best place to look for an IDA program is the Assets for Independence Resource Center or the Prosperity Now IDA Directory.

For an overview of IDA programs in Arizona, go to the Arizona Assets Alliance website. The Alliance is dedicated to helping you access IDAs and other asset-building programs.

Can I participate in a Plan to Achieve Self-Support (PASS) and an Individual Development Account (IDA) at the same time?

Back to top
Yes. An IDA can be a part of your PASS plan. The only requirement is that your goal for each program be the same.

If I’m getting Supplemental Security Income (SSI), do I need to tell Social Security about my Individual Development Account (IDA)?

Back to top
Yes. You should ask your IDA caseworker to write a letter stating that you can participate in the IDA program without losing your SSI benefits. The letter should specifically mention the “Exclusions Under Other Federal Statutes” clause. You should take the letter to Social Security for documentation and keep a copy of it for yourself.

Can I qualify for an Individual Development Account (IDA) while I am eligible for Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI)?

Back to top
Yes. There are no asset restrictions for people on SSDI who want to participate in IDA programs. However, your earned income is still subject to the SSDI work rules.

Is there a savings cap on the amount of money I can put in an Individual Development Account (IDA)?

Back to top
Yes. Most IDA programs only let you save a certain amount of money in your account—often $4,000 to $6,000. This includes the money you deposit as well as the matching funds. Once you reach the limit, you won’t be allowed to deposit any more money.

What is a Plan to Achieve Self-Support (PASS)?

Back to top
A PASS lets people on Supplemental Security Income (SSI) set aside money and resources for a specified work goal. The purpose of a PASS is to help you get items, services, or skills needed to reach your work goal.

The work goal that you choose should help you earn enough to lower or get rid of your need for Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) and SSI benefits.

Social Security will not count the money that is set aside under a PASS plan when deciding your monthly SSI benefit. This means you will get a higher SSI payment. Getting a PASS can also let you get an SSI check if your income or resources are currently above the limits.

For more information about PASS, click here.

Who is eligible for a PASS?

Back to top
To be eligible to use a PASS you must:
  • Want to work
  • Be eligible to get Supplemental Security Income (SSI) because of disability or blindness, and
  • Have other income and/or resources to complete a work goal

SSI recipients who get benefits because they are above age 65 can only qualify for a PASS if they were getting SSI because of disability or blindness in the month before their 65th birthday.

What will I have to do to participate in a PASS?

Back to top
To participate in a PASS you will need to have:
  • A written plan
  • A work goal that will reduce or eliminate SSI or SSDI benefits
  • A reasonable time frame for meeting your work goal, and
  • An explanation of the expenses necessary to achieve the work goal

If your PASS plan is for self-employment, you must provide a detailed business plan that gives a description of how you intend to make this business succeed.

Are there any medical eligibility requirements to enroll in a PASS?

Back to top
Yes. To be able to use a PASS you must continue to meet Social Security’s requirements for disability or blindness. Social Security will also consider any medical conditions when they decide if you have a reasonable work goal. For example, they may ask you to revise your PASS if you have trouble standing for long periods of time and want to work as a traffic officer.

Does what I have in the bank and what I own affect my eligibility for a PASS?

Back to top
Yes. To be eligible for a PASS, you must meet the resource requirements for Supplemental Security Income (SSI). You are allowed to have $2,000 in resources ($3,000 for a couple), one house that you live in, and one car.

If you have resources above the eligibility limits, you can set aside the extra resources as part of your PASS.

How does a PASS work with Individual Development Accounts (IDAs)?

Back to top
An IDA can be a part of your PASS plan; the only requirement is that your goal for each program be the same.

As long as the money you save in your IDA is part of a PASS plan, it will not be counted by SSI and won’t jeopardize those benefits. Be sure to talk to a Work Incentive Consultant and the PASS Cadre about the details.

Is there somewhere I can look at examples of successful PASS plans?

Back to top
Yes. You can see a list of successful PASS plans at The University of Montana Rural Institute.

What is the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC)?

Back to top
The Earned Income Tax Credit is a federal tax program that lowers the amount of income tax owed by low-to-moderate income workers. The credit ranges from $519 to $6,431 depending on your adjusted gross income and the number of qualifying children in your family.

What are the eligibility requirements for an Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC)?

Back to top
There are a lot of requirements to be eligible to claim the EITC. You can read about them on the DB101 page about the EITC or you can refer to Publication 596 which is produced by the IRS.

How do I claim an Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC)?

Back to top
If you are eligible, you can claim an EITC while filing your annual federal tax return. If you don’t have any qualifying children, use IRS Form 1040, 1040A, or 1040EZ. If you have a qualifying child, you will need to use Form 1040 or 1040A and attach a Schedule EIC.

Does what I have in the bank and or what I own affect my eligibility for an Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC)?

Back to top
While there are no asset requirements to claim the EITC, you cannot have investment income that exceeds $3,500 in 2018 (filing by April 2019).

How do I know how much my Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) is worth?

Back to top
The value of your EITC is based on your adjusted gross income and the number of qualifying children in your family. You can calculate your EITC yourself by using the Earned Income Credit Worksheet in Form 1040, Form 1040A, or Form 1040EZ. Or you can ask the IRS to calculate it for you by noting an “EIC” in the Earned Income Credit line on your tax return.

Is there someone who can help me with my taxes?

Back to top
If you are on a limited income, do not pay someone to do your taxes. Use a Volunteer Income Tax Assistance (VITA) Center to file. Most centers can e-file your return for free.

To find the nearest VITA site, visit the IRS VITA Site List for Arizona or 2-1-1 Arizona.

What is a Special Treatment Trust?

Back to top
A Special Treatment Trust, sometimes called a supplemental needs trust, is a legal arrangement in which a person or organization (like a bank) manages assets for a person with a disability. The person with the disability is called the “beneficiary” and the person who is managing the assets is the “trustee”. Many kinds of assets can be put into a trust, such as cash, stocks, bonds, and real estate.